Chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized by profound, debilitating fatigue and a combination of several other symptoms including mental and physical ones. The disorder may sometimes resemble depression, burnout syndrome or even bipolar disorder.
The main symptom of the disease is the feeling of fatigue, the severity of which is inadequate to the physical or mental effort. A patient manifesting chronic fatigue syndrome also complains about problems with concentration, chronic headaches and arrhythmias. At least in some patients, idiopathic joint pain and enlargement of the lymph nodes co-occur. Chronic fatigue syndrome is diagnosed when these symptoms persist for at least six months. In patients, physical and mental fatigue persists even after the long-time rest, negatively affect everyday activity.
Of note, chronic fatigue syndrome may be diagnosed in high-performance athletes. This is the reason for limited psychophysical condition and the results achieved in sport.
In many countries (although still not in Poland) the chronic fatigue syndrome is considered a civilization disease. As the aforementioned ailments negatively affect the health and well-being of the patient, effective methods of treatment are intensively sought for. At the moment, unfortunately, there are no effective pharmacological solutions for the disease.
Based on the scientific studies, it is postulated that chronic fatigue syndrome may be of multifactorial origin, involving allergies (especially food hypersensitivity), nutrient deficiencies, hormonal disorders, past infections, as well as viral infections (especially EBV). The intestinal microflora dysbiosis may also be involved in the pathogenesis, specifically subsequent endotoxemia.
Chronic fatigue syndrome particularly affects people who lead an intense lifestyle, experience psychological and physical stress (especially sportsmen), including very young people.
Empirical observations have shown that the cause of chronic fatigue may be delayed food allergies (so-called food intolerances), which develop as a result of an unhygienic lifestyle, also as a result of imbalance within the gut microbiota. Therefore, it is advisable to perform the diagnosis of latent food allergies of IgA and IgG – dependent types and evaluate the intestinal microflora composition. Such diagnostic schedule will help to eliminate allergenic foods and select targeted probiotics to quickly ameliorate chronic fatigue syndrome.
In case of chronic fatigue syndrome, the following tests are recommended: